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Does Exports Technical Backstepping Mechanism Exist——Evidence from China

【Authors】
LUO Laijun, WANG Yujian & YANG Lianxing
【WorkUnit】
LUO Laijun(Renmin University of China)
WANG Yujian(Institute of International Business Officials of the State Ministry of Commerce)
YANG Lianxing(Renmin University of China)
【Abstract】

This paper studys export's technical backstepping mechanism to explore how the export in return affects the technology of export enterprise.First of all, the theoretical analysis reveals that the export's technical backstepping mechanism may or may not exists.Secondly, this paper uses the statistical data of Chinese industrial enterprises to carry on the empirical test and finds that there is a complete invertedU relationship between export and technological innovation in the total sample, stateowned, collective, independent legal person, private and foreign enterprises respectively, which indicates that the export's technical backstepping mechanism exists before it reaches the threshold, and that the export's technical backstepping mechanism does not always exist for Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan enterprises. This paper further estimates threshold of export proportion for the enterprises as a whole, state-owned, collective, independent legal person, private and foreign enterprises, which is 35.54%, 44.68%, 45.74%, 45.92%, 44.54% and 34.31%, respectively. At present, the average export proportion of some Chinese enterprises is still substantially below their respective threshold, so their exports can significantly promote the technological innovation.

【KeyWords】
Export, Technical Backstepping Mechanism, InvertedU, Threshold