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Children's Long-term Multidimensional Poverty, Dynamics and Causal Factors

【Authors】
GE Yan, WU Haixia & CHEN Lisi
【WorkUnit】
GE Yan (Central University of Finance and Economics, 100081)
WU Haixia,CHEN Lisi (Shaanxi University, 710119)
【Abstract】

This paper is based on the data from the continuous study China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 2000 to 2011, combining multidimensional poverty theory and time duration analysis to create the children's long-term multidimensional poverty index which reflects the incidence rate, magnitude and duration of children's poverty, and to analyze intertemporal poverty of Chinese children, difference between urban and rural areas, and causal factors of children's poverty from a dynamic prospective. The empirical evidence shows that when the poverty threshold is 0.3 and the poverty duration is three phases, 49.55% of children nationwide suffer from long-term multidimensional poverty, and the proportion of rural children suffering from long-term multidimensional poverty is much higher than both the proportion of urban children and the national average. Among the four dimensions and 11 indicators of children's multidimensional poverty, school enrolment rate, family care, amount of free time and information acquisition have altogether accounted for over 70% for children's multidimensional poverty. Among the four dimensions and 11 indicators that have influence on children's multidimensional poverty, the age, gender, education level and marital status of the head of household, family size, social relationship, family income as well as place of residence have significant impact on children's multidimensional poverty.

JELI3, I32

【KeyWords】
Children's Poverty, Long-term Multidimensional Poverty, Dynamics, Causal Factors