Spatial Hierarchy and Industry Layout
- HU Anjun & SUN Jiuwen
HU Anjun (Institute of Quantitative & Technical Economics, CASS, 100732)
SUN Jiuwen (School of Economics, Renmin University of China, 100832)
This paper systematically analyzes the principles of industry layout from three spatial levels in order to reconstruct the system of the discipline on industry layout and to meet the demand from the practice of industry planning. The industry layout at the country level is framed by taking into consideration the natural conditions, technical progress, stage of development, and national strategies. The regional industry layout is worked out on the basis of the regional development positioning, the first nature, the second nature, the third nature and the regional policies. And the four patterns of layout which respectively feature factor orientation, market orientation, hub network orientation and policy orientation are established. In the new period, the regional industry layout should pay more attention to the role of the third nature consisting of human capital and the information network, so as to construct the hub network space. The industry layout at the city level is to establish a well-regulated order of production and life. Therefore, agglomeration economies and functional division, agglomeration diseconomies and functional dispersal, the turn to institutions and culture, and the integration of industry and city are researched as well. Finally the directions about industry layout are discussed.
JEL：R12, R58, R38
- Industry Layout, Spatial Hierarchy, Discipline on Industry Layout