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Input Servitization of Manufacturing Industry and Carbon Emission Intensity—Empirical Analysis Based on WIOD's Cross-country Panel

【Authors】
HUANG Yuxia, XIE Jianguo
【WorkUnit】
Nanjing University, 210093.
【Abstract】

Using WIOD's world input-output tables and environmental account data, the paper calculates the complete carbon emission intensity of manufacturing and analyzes the impact of manufacturing's input servitization on its carbon emission intensity. The results show that input servitization can reduce the complete carbon intensity of manufacturing.However, its effect on complete carbon intensity is smaller than that on direct carbon intensity. The mechanism test shows that input servitization reduces the complete carbon emission intensity by improving the production efficiency, substituting energy inputs and optimizing the structure of manufacturing industry. Group test finds that the effect of input servitization on reducing carbon emission intensity is greater for the pollutionintensive manufacturing sector than the non-pollution-intensive manufacturing sector. By the type of producer service, financial leasing and commercial servitization play the most important role in reducing the carbon emission intensity of manufacturing, followed by post and telecommunications servitization. By region, servitization plays a more important role in reducing the carbon intensity in China than in developed economies. These conclusions show that improving the input servitization level of manufacturing industry is a feasible way to coordinate the development of manufacturing industry and the constraints of resources and environment for all countries.

JEL:F18, F64

【KeyWords】
Input Servitization, Carbon Emission Intensity, Complete Degree of Dependency