Agglomeration across the Border: Spatial Characteristics and Driving Factors
- SHAO Chaodui, SU Danni & LI Kunwang
- Nankai University, 300071.
With the domestic market integration speeding up, the spatial pattern of China's industry presents continuous agglomeration across the border. For traditional agglomeration index cannot depict the characteristics of Chinese industriess continuous distribution, this paper chooses DO index to measure the agglomeration degree of Chinese manufacturing industry at arbitrary spatial scale in 2008, and further explores the spatial form of its driving factors Results show that 44% of the manufacturing industry is significantly agglomerating, but the space scale is mostly in a short range of 0-300km, so EG index overestimates agglomeration degree. Large enterprises feature a high concentration within a short distance, and promote the agglomeration of technology-intensive industries. Contrarily, small enterprises' agglomeration occurs in a relatively large scale, promoting the agglomeration of laborintensive industrie. Further analysis suggests the positive effect of spatial externality on agglomeration attenuates with distance, while the negative role of local protectionism presents spatial enhancement, and suppresses the spillover effect of spatial externality within a short distance.
JEL：R12, R30, C19
- Manufacture Agglomeration, Continuous Space, Driving Factors, DO Index