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A Research on Structural Optimization of Basic Public Service Based on the Improvement of Sense of Gain

【Authors】
HU Hongshu & WU Siqi
【WorkUnit】
Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, 430073.
【Abstract】

Based on the constraints of the local government's balanced budget, this paper deduces the allocation structure of “hard” and “soft” public services to maximize benefit of residents by using Lagrange function. Then, on the basis of the classification of seven types of basic public services, it uses the coupling coordination degree model in physics and the economic data from 2013 to 2017 to respectively construct the supply and demand index systems of public services in order to measure the supply and demand matching degree. Empirical studies have found that the overall imbalance in the supply of basic public services is relatively high, and insufficient supply of public services coexists with waste of public resources. Among them, the imbalance between supply and demand as found in the medical and environmental protection sectors is most serious. Finally, based on the empirical study results and the fiscal investment in public services in the past ten years, this paper offers suggestions on the structural adjustment of the public service supply side.


JEL:H41, H53


【KeyWords】
Improvement of the Sense of Gain, Public Service Supply Structure, Coordination Degree of Supply-demand Coupling